月度归档:2016年04月

hdu 1018 Big Number(数学)

Description

In many applications very large integers numbers are required. Some of these applications are using keys for secure transmission of data, encryption, etc. In this problem you are given a number, you have to determine the number of digits in the factorial of the number.

Input

Input consists of several lines of integer numbers. The first line contains an integer n, which is the number of cases to be tested, followed by n lines, one integer 1 ≤ n ≤ 10 7 on each line.

Output

The output contains the number of digits in the factorial of the integers appearing in the input.

Sample Input

2
10
20

Sample Output

7
19
题目大意就是给出你一个n让你计算出n!有多少位。一开始以为大数计算而已,但是再一看数据n的范围太大了,如果要是真正计算出来的话必然TLE。
我们知道这样一个公式:对于一个数x,他的位数为cnt=(int)log10(x)+1.
证明如下:
对于一个正整数x,可以得到这样一个不等式:10^(cnt-1)<=x<10^cnt的形式。那么x必然是cnt位。那么两边同时取log10的话,cnt-1<=log10(x)<cnt.那么(int)log10(x)+1=cnt.得证。
我们可以把1-n的所有的阶乘看成X,那么X可以看成1*2*3*..*n,然后我们就可以得出ans=(int)(log10(1)+log10(2)+…log10(n))+1这样就可以解决问题了。

 

hdu 1016 Prime Ring Problem(简单dfs)

Problem Description
A ring is compose of n circles as shown in diagram. Put natural number 1, 2, …, n into each circle separately, and the sum of numbers in two adjacent circles should be a prime.

Note: the number of first circle should always be 1.

 

Input
n (0 < n < 20).

 

Output
The output format is shown as sample below. Each row represents a series of circle numbers in the ring beginning from 1 clockwisely and anticlockwisely. The order of numbers must satisfy the above requirements. Print solutions in lexicographical order.

You are to write a program that completes above process.

Print a blank line after each case.

 

Sample Input
6
8

 

Sample Output
Case 1:
1 4 3 2 5 6
1 6 5 2 3 4
Case 2:
1 2 3 8 5 6 7 4
1 2 5 8 3 4 7 6
1 4 7 6 5 8 3 2
1 6 7 4 3 8 5 2
刚写了一道dfs(哈密顿环游世界),发觉自己貌似有点不是很会处理打印路径的dfs。于是写了一道简单题目划水,貌似以前写过= – =

 

hdu 2181 哈密顿绕行世界问题(dfs+打印路径)

Description

一个规则的实心十二面体,它的 20个顶点标出世界著名的20个城市,你从一个城市出发经过每个城市刚好一次后回到出发的城市。

Input

前20行的第i行有3个数,表示与第i个城市相邻的3个城市.第20行以后每行有1个数m,m<=20,m>=1.m=0退出.

Output

输出从第m个城市出发经过每个城市1次又回到m的所有路线,如有多条路线,按字典序输出,每行1条路线.每行首先输出是第几条路线.然后个一个: 后列出经过的城市.参看Sample output

Sample Input

2 5 20
1 3 12 ‘
2 4 10
3 5 8
1 4 6
5 7 19
6 8 17
4 7 9
8 10 16
3 9 11
10 12 15
2 11 13
12 14 20
13 15 18
11 14 16
9 15 17
7 16 18
14 17 19
6 18 20
1 13 19
5
0

Sample Output

1: 5 1 2 3 4 8 7 17 18 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 20 19 6 5
2: 5 1 2 3 4 8 9 10 11 12 13 20 19 18 14 15 16 17 7 6 5
3: 5 1 2 3 10 9 16 17 18 14 15 11 12 13 20 19 6 7 8 4 5
4: 5 1 2 3 10 11 12 13 20 19 6 7 17 18 14 15 16 9 8 4 5
5: 5 1 2 12 11 10 3 4 8 9 16 15 14 13 20 19 18 17 7 6 5
6: 5 1 2 12 11 15 14 13 20 19 18 17 16 9 10 3 4 8 7 6 5
7: 5 1 2 12 11 15 16 9 10 3 4 8 7 17 18 14 13 20 19 6 5
8: 5 1 2 12 11 15 16 17 18 14 13 20 19 6 7 8 9 10 3 4 5
9: 5 1 2 12 13 20 19 6 7 8 9 16 17 18 14 15 11 10 3 4 5
10: 5 1 2 12 13 20 19 18 14 15 11 10 3 4 8 9 16 17 7 6 5
11: 5 1 20 13 12 2 3 4 8 7 17 16 9 10 11 15 14 18 19 6 5
12: 5 1 20 13 12 2 3 10 11 15 14 18 19 6 7 17 16 9 8 4 5
13: 5 1 20 13 14 15 11 12 2 3 10 9 16 17 18 19 6 7 8 4 5
14: 5 1 20 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 8 7 17 18 19 6 5
15: 5 1 20 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 3 4 5
16: 5 1 20 13 14 18 19 6 7 17 16 15 11 12 2 3 10 9 8 4 5
17: 5 1 20 19 6 7 8 9 10 11 15 16 17 18 14 13 12 2 3 4 5
18: 5 1 20 19 6 7 17 18 14 13 12 2 3 10 11 15 16 9 8 4 5
19: 5 1 20 19 18 14 13 12 2 3 4 8 9 10 11 15 16 17 7 6 5
20: 5 1 20 19 18 17 16 9 10 11 15 14 13 12 2 3 4 8 7 6 5
21: 5 4 3 2 1 20 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 17 16 15 14 18 19 6 5
22: 5 4 3 2 1 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5
23: 5 4 3 2 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 20 1 5
24: 5 4 3 2 12 13 14 18 17 16 15 11 10 9 8 7 6 19 20 1 5
25: 5 4 3 10 9 8 7 6 19 20 13 14 18 17 16 15 11 12 2 1 5
26: 5 4 3 10 9 8 7 17 16 15 11 12 2 1 20 13 14 18 19 6 5
27: 5 4 3 10 11 12 2 1 20 13 14 15 16 9 8 7 17 18 19 6 5
28: 5 4 3 10 11 15 14 13 12 2 1 20 19 18 17 16 9 8 7 6 5
29: 5 4 3 10 11 15 14 18 17 16 9 8 7 6 19 20 13 12 2 1 5
30: 5 4 3 10 11 15 16 9 8 7 17 18 14 13 12 2 1 20 19 6 5
31: 5 4 8 7 6 19 18 17 16 9 10 3 2 12 11 15 14 13 20 1 5
32: 5 4 8 7 6 19 20 13 12 11 15 14 18 17 16 9 10 3 2 1 5
33: 5 4 8 7 17 16 9 10 3 2 1 20 13 12 11 15 14 18 19 6 5
34: 5 4 8 7 17 18 14 13 12 11 15 16 9 10 3 2 1 20 19 6 5
35: 5 4 8 9 10 3 2 1 20 19 18 14 13 12 11 15 16 17 7 6 5
36: 5 4 8 9 10 3 2 12 11 15 16 17 7 6 19 18 14 13 20 1 5
37: 5 4 8 9 16 15 11 10 3 2 12 13 14 18 17 7 6 19 20 1 5
38: 5 4 8 9 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 3 2 1 20 19 18 17 7 6 5
39: 5 4 8 9 16 15 14 18 17 7 6 19 20 13 12 11 10 3 2 1 5
40: 5 4 8 9 16 17 7 6 19 18 14 15 11 10 3 2 12 13 20 1 5
41: 5 6 7 8 4 3 2 12 13 14 15 11 10 9 16 17 18 19 20 1 5
42: 5 6 7 8 4 3 10 9 16 17 18 19 20 13 14 15 11 12 2 1 5
43: 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 4 5
44: 5 6 7 8 9 16 17 18 19 20 1 2 12 13 14 15 11 10 3 4 5
45: 5 6 7 17 16 9 8 4 3 10 11 15 14 18 19 20 13 12 2 1 5
46: 5 6 7 17 16 15 11 10 9 8 4 3 2 12 13 14 18 19 20 1 5
47: 5 6 7 17 16 15 11 12 13 14 18 19 20 1 2 3 10 9 8 4 5
48: 5 6 7 17 16 15 14 18 19 20 13 12 11 10 9 8 4 3 2 1 5
49: 5 6 7 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 8 4 5
50: 5 6 7 17 18 19 20 13 14 15 16 9 8 4 3 10 11 12 2 1 5
51: 5 6 19 18 14 13 20 1 2 12 11 15 16 17 7 8 9 10 3 4 5
52: 5 6 19 18 14 15 11 10 9 16 17 7 8 4 3 2 12 13 20 1 5
53: 5 6 19 18 14 15 11 12 13 20 1 2 3 10 9 16 17 7 8 4 5
54: 5 6 19 18 14 15 16 17 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 20 1 2 3 4 5
55: 5 6 19 18 17 7 8 4 3 2 12 11 10 9 16 15 14 13 20 1 5
56: 5 6 19 18 17 7 8 9 16 15 14 13 20 1 2 12 11 10 3 4 5
57: 5 6 19 20 1 2 3 10 9 16 15 11 12 13 14 18 17 7 8 4 5
58: 5 6 19 20 1 2 12 13 14 18 17 7 8 9 16 15 11 10 3 4 5
59: 5 6 19 20 13 12 11 10 9 16 15 14 18 17 7 8 4 3 2 1 5
60: 5 6 19 20 13 14 18 17 7 8 4 3 10 9 16 15 11 12 2 1 5

题目没啥好说的,因为要打印所有的路径还是字典序的话,那么直接从1-20进行dfs就可以了。