# hdu 5775 Bubble Sort（树状数组求逆序数）

Problem Description
P is a permutation of the integers from 1 to N(index starting from 1).
Here is the code of Bubble Sort in C++.

After the sort, the array is in increasing order. ?? wants to know the absolute values of difference of rightmost place and leftmost place for every number it reached.

Input
The first line of the input gives the number of test cases T; T test cases follow.
Each consists of one line with one integer N, followed by another line with a permutation of the integers from 1 to N, inclusive.

limits
T <= 20
1 <= N <= 100000
N is larger than 10000 in only one case.

Output
For each test case output “Case #x: y1 y2 … yN” (without quotes), where x is the test case number (starting from 1), and yi is the difference of rightmost place and leftmost place of number i.

Sample Input
2
3
3 1 2
3
1 2 3
Sample Output
Case #1: 1 1 2
Case #2: 0 0 0

Hint

In first case, (3, 1, 2) -> (3, 1, 2) -> (1, 3, 2) -> (1, 2, 3) the leftmost place and rightmost place of 1 is 1 and 2, 2 is 2 and 3, 3 is 1 and 3 In second case, the array has already in increasing order. So the answer of every number is 0.

# hdu 1394 Minimum Inversion Number（树状数组求逆序数）

Problem Description
The inversion number of a given number sequence a1, a2, …, an is the number of pairs (ai, aj) that satisfy i < j and ai > aj.

For a given sequence of numbers a1, a2, …, an, if we move the first m >= 0 numbers to the end of the seqence, we will obtain another sequence. There are totally n such sequences as the following:

a1, a2, …, an-1, an (where m = 0 – the initial seqence)
a2, a3, …, an, a1 (where m = 1)
a3, a4, …, an, a1, a2 (where m = 2)

an, a1, a2, …, an-1 (where m = n-1)

You are asked to write a program to find the minimum inversion number out of the above sequences.

Input
The input consists of a number of test cases. Each case consists of two lines: the first line contains a positive integer n (n <= 5000); the next line contains a permutation of the n integers from 0 to n-1.

Output
For each case, output the minimum inversion number on a single line.

Sample Input
10
1 3 6 9 0 8 5 7 4 2
Sample Output
16

# hdu 1166 敌兵布阵（树状数组入门题）

Problem Description
C国的死对头A国这段时间正在进行军事演习，所以C国间谍头子Derek和他手下Tidy又开始忙乎了。A国在海岸线沿直线布置了N个工兵营地,Derek和Tidy的任务就是要监视这些工兵营地的活动情况。由于采取了某种先进的监测手段，所以每个工兵营地的人数C国都掌握的一清二楚,每个工兵营地的人数都有可能发生变动，可能增加或减少若干人手,但这些都逃不过C国的监视。

Input

(2)Sub i j ,i和j为正整数,表示第i个营地减少j个人（j不超过30）;
(3)Query i j ,i和j为正整数,i<=j，表示询问第i到第j个营地的总人数;
(4)End 表示结束，这条命令在每组数据最后出现;

Output

Sample Input
1
10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Query 1 3
Query 2 7
Sub 10 2