# SPOJ GSS4&&hdu 4027 Can you answer these queries IV（线段树区间开方）

You are given a sequence A of N(N <= 100,000) positive integers. There sum will be less than 1018. On this sequence you have to apply M (M <= 100,000) operations:

(A) For given x,y, for each elements between the x-th and the y-th ones (inclusively, counting from 1), modify it to its positive square root (rounded down to the nearest integer).

(B) For given x,y, query the sum of all the elements between the x-th and the y-th ones (inclusively, counting from 1) in the sequence.

### Input

Multiple test cases, please proceed them one by one. Input terminates by EOF.

For each test case:

The first line contains an integer N. The following line contains N integers, representing the sequence A1..AN.
The third line contains an integer M. The next M lines contain the operations in the form “i x y”.i=0 denotes the modify operation, i=1 denotes the query operation.

### Output

For each test case:

Output the case number (counting from 1) in the first line of output. Then for each query, print an integer as the problem required.

Print an blank line after each test case.

See the sample output for more details.

# poj 2528 Mayor’s posters（线段树成段更新+离散化）

Description

The citizens of Bytetown, AB, could not stand that the candidates in the mayoral election campaign have been placing their electoral posters at all places at their whim. The city council has finally decided to build an electoral wall for placing the posters and introduce the following rules:

• Every candidate can place exactly one poster on the wall.
• All posters are of the same height equal to the height of the wall; the width of a poster can be any integer number of bytes (byte is the unit of length in Bytetown).
• The wall is divided into segments and the width of each segment is one byte.
• Each poster must completely cover a contiguous number of wall segments.

They have built a wall 10000000 bytes long (such that there is enough place for all candidates). When the electoral campaign was restarted, the candidates were placing their posters on the wall and their posters differed widely in width. Moreover, the candidates started placing their posters on wall segments already occupied by other posters. Everyone in Bytetown was curious whose posters will be visible (entirely or in part) on the last day before elections.
Your task is to find the number of visible posters when all the posters are placed given the information about posters’ size, their place and order of placement on the electoral wall.

Input

The first line of input contains a number c giving the number of cases that follow. The first line of data for a single case contains number 1 <= n <= 10000. The subsequent n lines describe the posters in the order in which they were placed. The i-th line among the n lines contains two integer numbers l i and ri which are the number of the wall segment occupied by the left end and the right end of the i-th poster, respectively. We know that for each 1 <= i <= n, 1 <= l i <= ri <= 10000000. After the i-th poster is placed, it entirely covers all wall segments numbered l i, l i+1 ,… , ri.

Output

For each input data set print the number of visible posters after all the posters are placed.

The picture below illustrates the case of the sample input.

Sample Input

Sample Output

# hdu 3530 Subsequence（单调队列）

Description

There is a sequence of integers. Your task is to find the longest subsequence that satisfies the following condition: the difference between the maximum element and the minimum element of the subsequence is no smaller than m and no larger than k.

Input

There are multiple test cases.
For each test case, the first line has three integers, n, m and k. n is the length of the sequence and is in the range [1, 100000]. m and k are in the range [0, 1000000]. The second line has n integers, which are all in the range [0, 1000000].
Proceed to the end of file.

Output

For each test case, print the length of the subsequence on a single line.

Sample Input

Sample Output